A growth mindset is a belief that intelligence can be developed through hard work, education and learning. This is in contrast to a fixed mindset which assumes intelligence is not changeable. These limiting beliefs can stunt children’s growth and learning, leading to underachievement.
According to research, around 4% of the general population have a growth mindset when it comes to intelligence and, specifically, their own intelligence. This is low compared with other personality traits such as agreeableness (30%) or neuroticism (24%).
A “growth mindset” means that people believe they can improve themselves through effort. Carol Dweck, the leading researcher on this topic, calls these people “growth-oriented learners”. In her book “Mindset”, she says: “People with this mindset believe that their most basic abilities can be developed through dedication and hard work. They also believe that anyone can improve his or her intelligence by learning.”
What is a growth mindset example?
Examples of growth mindset include :
A child who has just received a poor grade believes that he can work hard to improve next time, instead of thinking that he is stupid.
A person who finally masters a challenging task, having tried again and again. She views her past failures as evidence that effort increases intelligence.
A student who practices math daily after school and feels confident solving harder problems in math class the next day. The more math problems this student solves, the more “math smart” she feels over time.
A person who believes that “everyone has the ability to learn and develop their capabilities”.
A person who thinks “My brain is the best I can work with. I don’t have a magic brain, but it is the right tool for me, I can train it to get a better use!”
What are 5 characteristics of a growth mindset?
Understanding your intelligence can be developed
People who have a growth mindset believe that their abilities and intelligence can grow through learning and hard work. These people believe their intelligence is not fixed and that it can be developed through education, motivation, incentives and feedback.
Believing intelligence is malleable, not genetic or fixed, reinforces a growth mindset
A person who believes intelligence is genetic or fixed will think “I am smart” or “I am not smart”. The negative thinking that comes with this fixed mindset is likely to lead to underachievement and prevent learning.
A person with a growth mindset, on the other hand, will believe “I am intelligent” or “I am not intelligent”. He may think “My intelligence can be developed through hard work and effort”. This view increases the likelihood of maintaining a growth mindset when challenges and setbacks occur.
The ability to take calculated risks
From elementary school onward, children are praised for taking risks, as compared with “playing it safe”. From an early age, people who believe that intelligence can be developed are more likely to take on higher-risk decisions than those with a fixed mindset.
The ability to take calculated risks is one of the main factors that distinguish a person with a growth mindset from one who doubts his intelligence and believes he is not smart enough to learn.
Taking failures as learnings
People with a growth mindset are more likely than those with a fixed mindset to see failures as learning opportunities. On the other hand, when they believe they lack the abilities or intelligence to achieve anything, they often do not see failures as learnings and may even see them as proof of their incompetence.
People with a growth mindset are able to see all their past mistakes and reject the fixed mindset trap of decisiveness and perfectionism. They realize that success comes from continuous learning and that mistakes are beneficial because they lead to improvement.
Seeking out feedback to improve
People with a growth mindset are also more open to learning and feedback. They want their abilities and intelligence to be improved, and they are willing to try new ideas and techniques because they know their strengths and weaknesses.
They see feedback as an essential element of success, both personally and in the workplace. They seek out constructive criticism to improve their performance and advance in their careers.
What are the effects of a growth mindset?
Studies demonstrate that people with a growth mindset have higher self-esteem and maintain it better during challenging situations. They are more likely than those with a fixed mindset to take risks.
They also feel more positive emotions during challenging tasks, for example, They’re happier than those who have a fixed, guarded or pessimistic view of life – studies have shown that negativity is often related to low self-esteem.
What are the benefits of a growth mindset?
A person with a growth mindset can learn more effectively and develop new skills. He tends to focus on the process rather than the results, which may have a positive impact on performance in school, work or any other area of life.
This will also help boost self-confidence and improve how you think about yourself. A growth mindset is a powerful way to build resilience and develop a positive self-image.
How do I achieve a growth mindset?
There are several ways to develop a growth mindset! One of the best ways is to tell yourself that your intelligence, like your muscles, can grow with hard work and training. You are not just born smart or stupid; you can become smarter by learning new things every day.
This means you can break down any skill into a series of small, achievable goals and then master them, one by one. Each time you practice a skill or learn something new, focus on the process rather than the result.
Here are some ways to develop a growth mindset:
Set goals for yourself and achieve them. You can learn something new every day – it does not have to be a complicated skill or a huge goal. It could be something as simple as learning three new words in a foreign language or trying out a new recipe. It’s important to keep learning and challenging yourself because you will naturally become better at whatever skill you spend time on.
Keep a growth mindset journal. Every day, write down three things you’ve accomplished in your life – anything from learning a new skill to building something to making a positive change in your life. To review how well you’re doing, look at your growth journal every six months or so.
You can also look at your goals and compare them with the resources available to you. Keep in mind that not only are you capable of achieving them, but they are important for achieving more important goals in the future.
Take a risk. Try something new, like learning a language or taking a dance class. Try your hand at painting or playing an instrument. You might find that you’re good at these things; if not, you will learn valuable things about yourself, such as how to work hard and improve yourself in the future.
Take on challenges in your life! This can range from trying to learn another language to accomplishing great things in school or your career.